Types of House drawing in Architectural design with example
In architectural design, House drawing is a fundamental component of the design and documentation process. They are technical drawings that provide a visual representation of a building or structure from different perspectives, helping architects, designers, clients, and other stakeholders understand a project's layout, dimensions, and overall design. Both plans and elevations are essential for accurate communication and collaboration among various parties involved in a project.
A plan is a two-dimensional, top-down view of a space or building, illustrating the layout and arrangement of rooms, walls, doors, windows, and other architectural elements. In architectural design, plans are crucial for conveying the organization of spaces within a building and understanding the relationships between them. There are different types of plans, including:
These House drawings depict the entire property or plot on which the building is located, showing the building's relationship to the site's boundaries, landscape features, and other structures. Here is an example of a site plan. Site plans are also called landscape plans.
These represent the layout of each floor within a building, displaying the arrangement of walls, doors, windows, and other structural elements. Floor plans provide a clear understanding of the organization of spaces within the building and their dimensions. The floor plan is such an important element in decision-making process that today, real estate developers & property owners use 3D floor plans to market their properties.
Reflected ceiling plans (RCP):
These House drawings show the layout of a ceiling as if it were reflected onto a mirror placed on the floor. RCPs indicate the position of lighting fixtures, air vents, and other ceiling-mounted elements, as well as the ceiling's design and any decorative features.
An elevation is a two-dimensional House drawing that represents the vertical view of an interior or exterior wall or facade. Elevations are essential for showcasing the design, dimensions, and appearance of a building's vertical surfaces. There are two main types of elevations in architectural design:
These depict the vertical view of a building's exterior walls or facades, providing information about the design, dimensions, and appearance of the building's exterior elements, such as windows, doors, and exterior finishes. These types of House drawings are vital for understanding the building's overall aesthetics and style and are used to produce house rendering visuals.
While less common in architectural design compared to interior design, interior elevations may be used in some cases to represent the vertical view of an interior space's walls, providing detailed information about the design and dimensions of wall-mounted elements or specific architectural features within a space. These house drawings are used to produce Interior renderings.
In summary, House drawing in architectural design are vital tools for visually communicating the layout, dimensions, and design of a building. They play a crucial role in ensuring clear communication and collaboration among architects, designers, clients, and other project stakeholders.